When children play, they fall and occasionally hit their heads.
A simple checklist can help you determine whether a bump on the head just needs a quick kiss, or could indicate something more serious requiring medical attention.
Any time your child has a concussion, he should avoid physical activity until the concussion is healed.
A concussion is a brain injury, and a second blow to the head could cause swelling which could be fatal, or long-term issues with cognitive functioning.
When your child has experienced a blow to the head, watch for changes in normal behavior.
For example, notice any changes in eating, sleep patterns, school performance or in the way the child plays. Notice if your child walks unsteadily or loses their balance. Look for signs of headache or nausea, including vomiting.
If your child is tired or listless, or loses interest in toys or activities he usually enjoys, it can be a sign of a concussion. A child who is irritable or cranky, or who is crying and cannot be comforted can also be exhibiting signs of concussion.
If you suspect your child may have a concussion, or if you are just concerned, call your child’s pediatrician right away. It is better to rule out a brain injury than to ignore one.