Infant, a newborn, during the first days of life spends most of the time only in sleep. It means sleep plays a vital role for the child during first three years.
Sleep is important for many functions of the body.
Every parent will face a lot of problems with infant sleep during first year of life, which includes irregular sleep patterns, trouble getting sleep, and waking up in the middle of the night.
If your infant sleep is less or not getting enough sleep, it will be difficult for you to manage your infant as poor sleep is characterized by complicated temperament.
Every parent should know about infant sleep patterns, when do they sleep, why do they wake up at the midnight, how to help your infant sleep, and many more.
First of all, you should know the facts of infant sleep. Infants usually wakes up three to four times in the middle of the night for the first six months, from there they usually wakes one to two times up to one year, and then may be once a night from one to two years. Generally, infants will have shorter sleep cycles than the adults.
Most of the infants need help to get sleep. You should not force them to sleep. Create an environment that allows your infant to have a longer healthy sleep habits.
Teach your infant the difference between the daytime and nighttime, which means create an environment at your home such that it should be very calm during the nighttime and noisy during the daytime.
Infant sleep habits are determined by individual temperament. You should never feel that it is your inability to make your infant sleep.
Generally, infants wake up in the middle of the night due to discomfort or pain such as wet or soiled diaper, too hot or too cold environment, stuffy nose, hunger, etc.
You should also consider that if your infant has any medical problems such as fever, allergies, intestinal discomfort, cold, infections, etc, as a parent, it is important for you to know why your infant sleep is getting disturbed.
Watch your infant for the signs of deep sleep such as dangling limbs, motionless face, limp, etc. You should relax your infant by reading books, singing, massaging, etc in order to prepare for good sleep. Soothing sounds like noise of the fan, vacuum cleaner, etc also helps your infant sleep well.
According to the research of American Academy of Pediatrics, allow your infant sleep on his/her own. As your infant is maturing week by week, you will need to feed your infant with enough food so that infant should not wake up in the middle of night being hungry.
In summary, if you consistently allow your infant to learn the difference between daytime and nighttime and feed your baby late night, your infant sleeps well all through the night without any disturbances by 12 weeks.
If any of the above does not help your infant sleep well, it is necessary for you to consult a pediatrician.